Open Access offers many advantages to all stakeholders in scholarly communications. For authors, it extends the reach of their work by ensuring worldwide access and retrievability. And as unrestricted access leads to increased usage, it will also increase the impact of their publications and citation rates. Researchers benefit from direct access to publications, improved search mechanisms across collections and ease of use.
Research funders ensure unrestricted access to research results, thereby improving the return on their investment in research. And by funding OA publications, they can also guarantee publication of research results once they have passed peer review. Libraries are able to provide wider access to scholarly information. Ultimately, OA publishing offers a more effective and sustainable approach to the dissemination of knowledge through the OAPEN Library.
The OAPEN publication model is based on three fundamental principles:
- that research and dissemination of research results should not be separated but treated as essential elements in the scholarly communication process. We therefore recommend that research funding include the costs of dissemination;
- that academic institutes supporting Open Access should extend their policies to include OA publishing. In other words, they should promote not only OA archiving of existing publications (the ‘green road’), but also OA publishing (the ‘golden road’). In addition, funds for OA publications should be available for both articles and books;
- that academic publishers should develop OA publishing as a service to the scholarly community. This might be compared to the way many journal publishers grant authors the option of publishing their articles in Open Access within subscription-based journals.